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Forest Protection Division


Biodeterioration of wood was the topic of intense research from many decades in the erstwhile institute at Bangalore and many regional centers of the FRI, forming the earliest forestry research subject which ignited minds of researchers and managers of Indian Forestry. The Wood Biodegradation Division established with the formation of the Institute of Wood Science and Technology has been assigned the task of studying the diversity, occurrence, ecology and bionomics of insect pests and diseases, in nurseries, forests and plantations, which adversely affect the growth and productivity of trees, especially timber. Timber is an ideal constructional material for different structures under terrestrial and marine conditions. However, it is susceptible to rapid deterioration by a variety of organisms. Hence, protection of living vegetation and wood from biodeterioration has been the priority area for research in Wood Biodegradation Division. Being a centre of excellence in Coastal and Mangrove Research, the division has also the mandate to conduct research on mangroves and coastal forests. Healthy forests for a Wealthy India is our slogan.


  • Diseases and insect pests of nurseries, plantations and forests and their integrated management
  • Bioprospecting bioinoculants and beneficial microbes/insects for plant productivity enhancement, industrial use, bioremediation and livelihood generation
  • Microbial/insect biodiversity and effect of climate change on pathological and entomological problems, including biotechnologies interventions
  • Biodegradation and bio-deterioration of wood
  • Natural durability of wood
  • Provide plant quarantine and other service with respect to forestry species involving pathological and entomological expertise

Research Activities

Ongoing Research Programmes

  1. Laboratory testing for the assessment of the durability of timbers against powder post beetles – standardization and evaluation.
  2. Studies on the natural resistance of imported woods against insects and decay fungi in Indian environment.
  3. Studies on age related durability of plantation-grown timbers.
  4. Seed infestation by insects among the emergent rainforest canopies at Makutta.
  5. Studies on the insect pest and disease problems of sandal under cultivation and their management.
  6. Insect-plant relationships with special reference to herbivory in the mangroves of South India.
  7. Development, Augmentation of efficacy and improvement of dissemination systems of Metarhizium based mycoinsecticide for the management of major pests in forest plantations and nurseries.
  8. Investigations on Microsporidia affecting major Lepidopteran pests of important forest trees of South India and their prospects as bio-control agents.
  9. IWID- ,“Indian Wood Insect Database-a Database on diversity of indigenous and exotic wood insects/pests in India.
  10. Development of Package of Practices for the management of powderpost beetles in ITC timber yards.
  11. Phosphine as fumigant to control the insect pests in logs, chips and sawn boards.
  12. Development of package of practices for the management of teak heart wood borer, Alcterogystia cadambae (Moore).
  13. Bioecology, damage potential and management of gall formers of pongamia pinnata (l.) Pierre.
  14. Investigations on the fungi and insects associated with fruits and seeds of selected endemic trees of Western ghats.
  15. Improvement of planting stock of forestry species using eco- friendly AM fungi.
  16. Need for conserving forest canopies – assessing the diversity of canopy insects in the Western Ghats.

Completed Research Projects

  1. Investigations on the biology, ecology, frequency and distribution of biodeteriorating agencies under marine conditions.
  2. Natural resistance of timbers against bio-deterioration under marine conditions.
  3. Assessment of efficacy of preservatives in treated timber against biodeterioration (under marine conditions).
  4. Assessment of service life of treated timber structures under marine conditions.
  5. Use of biogenic compounds in control of biodeterioration
  6. Environmental implications of biodeterioration control measures
  7. Distribution and intensity of bioteriorating organisms under marine conditions
  8. Efficacy of indigenous preservatives and methods for the protection of under water timber structures
  9. Investigations on the ecology, frequency and distribution of biodeteriorating agencies under land conditions.
  10. Natural resistance of timbers against biodeterioration by termites, insects and fungi under terrestrial conditions.
  11. Control of biodeterioration with the help of wood extractives, water borne preservatives other plant derivatives, bioactive substances and biological agencies
  12. Comparative efficacy and economics pf water borne preservatives with susceptible timber species
  13. Studies on prophylactic treatments for susceptible timbers against insect borers, termites and wood decaying fungi
  14. Studies on durability of different timber and timber products against biodeterioration under marine conditions
  15. Studies on biodeterioration of mangrove and coastal vegetation
  16. Studies on insect pests of nurseries, plantations and natural forests and their control.
  17. Studies of insect pest problems of timber in storage,building materials and other structures and its control.
  18. Studies on disease of seedlings in nurseries, plantations and natural forests
  19. Studies on Biofertiliser
  20. Natural durability of different timbers and timber products against decay under terrestrial conditions.
  21. Natural durability of different timbers and timber products against decay under terrestrial conditions.
  22. Development of protocol for rearing wood borer larvae.
  23. Studies on termite problems on trees and timber and development testing facilities.
  24. Conservation and management of Coondapur mangroves, Karnataka
  25. Investigations on the potential of medicinal and aromatic plants as a source of botanical insecticides.
  26. Studies on Entomofauna of mangroves of Karnataka, Goa and Andhra Pradesh.
  27. The role of biofertiliser in ecorestoration of problematic site like mine reject soil in Goa.
  28. Control of biodeterioration of wood with the help of eco-friendly preservatives and bioactive substances on staining and decay fungi under terrestrial conditions.
  29. Biosystematic studies on parasitoid complex of sandal coccids and their utilization in biological control .
  30. Studies on teak heartwood borer Alcterogystia (cossus) cadambae Moore and its management.
  31. Impact of disturbance on canopy insect biodiversity: an assessment of forest health.
  32. Studies on the sucking pest complexes of Sandal and their management.
  33. Role of Fungi biodeterioration of timber under marine conditions.
  34. IInvestigations on resistance of commercially available bamboo species in Karnataka to insect borers, termites and fungi and their protection.
  35. Insect fauna of the mangroves along Goa, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh coast
  36. Studies on the diversity of the Aleyrodid (Aleyrodidae: Homoptera) fauna of south Western Ghats
  37. Bioinvasion, SPS measures and import of wood and wood products into India.
  38. Introspection into the phytosanitary procedures for storage of forest seeds in Karnataka.
  39. Studies on field incidence of tea mosquito bug Helopeltis antonii Sign. On neem trees in Karnataka and its management.
  40. Community ecology of a detritus system: Insects and fungi associated with fallen trees in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
  41. Studies on the entomofaunal diversity and their interactions in selected provenances of sandal.

Services Rendered


Name of the Tests



Training and Demonstration programmes are  conducted on nursery pest and disease management, AM fungi as biofertiliser in field of forestry and its advantages in forestry programmes and  wood biodegradation and protection.



Identification of causal organism and suggesting remedial measures for the insect/fungal infections of wood in service and pest/ pathological problems of the nursery & plantations of forest species.



Testing the efficacy of commercial wood preservatives against wood pathogens, wood insect pests including termites and powder post beetles.



Identification of wood pathogens and supply of fungal cultures to various Institutes.  


Authentic identification of whiteflies affecting forestry species.  


Specific information by post

Rs. 500/-

Consultancies :-


Consultancies for routine matters at headquarter

  • Scientist
  • Supporting staff


  • Rs. 1,000/- per day
  • Rs. 300/- per day


Consultancies at outside station by inviting Scientist/Staff

  • Scientist
  • Supporting staff


  • Rs. 2,000/- per day
  • Rs. 500/- per day

Facilities and Equipments

The division has the following facilities and expertise for rendering services to user industry and Government and non-government organisations:

  • Authentic identification of biodeteriorating agents (insects, fungi, marine borers and foulers)
  • Package of practices available for raising and maintaining nurseries and establishing plantations.,
  • Protection of trees from pests and diseases in nurseries and plantations.
  • In-situ treatment of trees to protect the timber from fungal and insect borer attack on timber in storage.
  • Control of fungal and borer attack on timber in structures and products.
  • Testing the durability of timber under terrestrial and marine conditions.
  • Evaluation of bio-efficacy of wood preservatives and chemicals against wood decaying fungi and insects.
  • Protection technology for use of wood under marine environment.
  • Maintenance of wood deteriorating fungal cultures for bio assay.
  • Application of biofertilizers for better growth of forestry species in stress conditions.
  • Training programmes on Tree Protection Method and application of Biofertilizers.
  • Protection and management of mangrove ecosystems from biodeterioration.
  • Advice on timber utilisation for catamaran, other fishing crafts and marine structures.
  • The Institute's laboratories are well equipped with (a) Biochamber for Entomological studies.
  • A shore laboratory for studies on marine wood biodeterioration at Vishakhapatnam has been established under World Bank aided Project. Additional land of 40 ha. has been acquired in Karnataka for establishment of germplasm bank, provenance, progeny trials, multiplication garden and seed orchards. A new ICFRE Research Centre with assistance from World Bank on a 100 acres land is being established at Hyderabad.

Research Staff

  1. Dr. R. Sundararaj, Scientist-G & Head of the Division

  2. Dr. Muthukumar Arunachalam, Scientist-E

  3. Ms. R. Athulya, Scientist-B

  4. Sri. N.R. Raveendra Prasad, Senior Technical Officer

  5. Ms. N. Mamatha, Technical Assistant

  6. Ms. U.R. Nalini, Technical Assistant

  7. Ms. T.S. Lalitha, Private Secretary to Director

  8. Sri. A. N. Manjunath, MTS

For further information, Please contact:

The Head

Forest and Wood Protection Division

Institute of Wood Science and Technology

P.O. Malleshwaram

Bangalore-560 003 (India)

E-Mail: wbd_iwst@icfre.org

Ph: 08022190154


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  Last Updated on 19-07-2022